Richard Nixon

Former American President
Born: 9 January, 1913 in Yorba Linda, California,
US Republican Party Politician, the 36th Vice-President of the United States of America (under President Dwight D. Eisenhower) 1952-1960. He ran for president in 1960 but narrowly lost to John F. Kennedy. He ran for president again in 1968, against Lyndon B. Johnson's Vice-President Hubert Humphrey, this time narrowly winning becoming the 37th President of the United States and then won a second term in 1972 by a land-slide against George McGovern. His entire presidency was consumed by the need to extricate the United States from the disastrous strategic blunders of his predecessor, President Lyndon B. Johnson, in the War in Vietnam. While he did this more or less successfully, he was ultimately forced out of office in 1973, becoming the only American President to resign. While the formal reason was that he concealed information concerning a break-in into the Democratic Party offices in the Watergate Hotel during the 1972 election campaign (the "Watergate Scandal"), the underlying cause was the deep enmity of the US Democratic Party towards him, combined with a general anger by the American people towards government in the aftermath of the Vietnam War.
While in Office, President Nixon negotiated the first Nuclear Weapons limitation agreements (SALT-1 & the ABM Treaty) with the Soviet Union. Mr. Nixon visited the Soviet Union several times while in office and was also invited to come afterwards. He stayed in the house in the 1980s, as a private citizen but an official guest of the Soviet government. He was also the only guest who asked to stay in a smaller bedroom with a view to the sea, instead of the master bedroom which is on the landward side of the house. Since then the room has become known as the " Nixon Room" .The housekeeper remembers him to have been very friendly and that he spoke with everyone through a translator who traveled with him.
Richard Nixon died on 22 April 1994, in New York, the USA.